Mikhail Bakunin considered himself as a political-social anarchist, yet he was one of the early European existentialists.  Bakunin preceded Simone de Beauvoir and Jean Paul Sartre.

Bakunin defined his anarchist personal freedom this way:

I allow neither the bootmaker nor the architect, nor savant to impose his authority upon me. I listen to them freely and with all the respect merited by their intelligence, their character, their knowledge, reserving always my incontestable right of criticism and censure. I do not content myself with consulting a single authority in any special branch; I consult several; I compare their opinions, and choose that which seems to me the soundest. But I recognize no infallible authority, even in special questions; consequently, whatever respect I may have for the honesty and the sincerity of such or such individual, I have no absolute faith in any person.

Source: Written 1871. Online Version: Essays by Bakunin and Bakunin Internet Archive, 1999.

De Beauvoir defined her existentialist credo that way:

We regarded any situation as raw material for our joint efforts,

And not as a factor conditioning them…

We had no external limitations; No overriding authority;

And no imposed pattern of existence.

We created our own links with the world,

And freedom was the very essence of our existence.

Source:   Simone de Beauvoir: The Prime of Life, 1963.

Both were libertarians. None was a Marxist.  More to come.

#MikhailBakunin #socialanarchism #anarchism #existentialism #SimonedeBeauvoir #JeanPaulSartre #Freedom #Marxism #Libertarians #MicrosoftBing #Googlesearch #yahoosearch

About Mandy Lender

Mandy Lender, MD is an author, physician, public speaker, volunteer and adventurer. He published two books and two more books are in progress. Links:
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